Martin Luther King Day marks the anniversary of the influential American civil rights leader of the same name. The day is a federal holiday held on the third Monday in January. It celebrates the life and achievements of Martin Luther King, Jr.
King is best known for his campaigns to end racial segregation and for racial equality in the United States. On MLK Day, educational establishments teach their students about the work of Martin Luther King and the struggles he faced against segregation and racism.
Martin Luther King was a leader in the movement to end racism. His most famous address was the “I Have A Dream” speech. He advocated non-violent protest and became the youngest man to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. He was assassinated in 1968.
After his assassination, a campaign was started for his birthday to become a holiday to honor him. After the first bill was introduced, trade unions lead the campaign for the federal holiday. It was endorsed in 1976. The bill became law in 1983 and the first Martin Luther King Day was observed in 1986, although it was not observed in all states until 2000.